Heartburn is a serious problem that seems like a small one. It causes a burning and painful sensation starting just beneath the breastbone and rising to the chest, throat and neck. It is a symptom of acid reflux, which affects over 40% of the adult population in the United States. As a result, the best chance of learning how to get rid of heartburn is to know how to avoid suffering from acid reflux.

There are many leading causes to acid reflux, including food and drink intake, medications, obesity, disease, pregnancy, and smoking. As a result, one of the biggest steps you can take to further understand how to get rid of heartburn is to watch what you eat. Avoiding drinks rich in caffeine, acidic foods, spicy foods, fried foods, onions in large quantity, citrus fruits like pineapple, oranges and tomatoes, fatty foods, and chocolate, will decrease your chances of getting heartburn.

Although watching the food you eat might make the biggest difference, there are lots of other factors in the build-up of acid reflux. Smoking, for example, causes an enormous secretion of acid inside of your stomach. Stress can also lead to to an increase in adrenaline and hormone production, directly affecting the production of stomach acids and causing acid reflux, making it very important to get enough rest and sleep. Maintaining a healthy diet is another big factor in helping with your acid reflux. Usually, obesity and heartburn seem to go hand in hand. This is because too much fat build-up in your stomach will cause incredible pressure, leading to acid reflux. Exercising, or eating frequent, smaller meals, will help you lose weight, stay healthy, and stay pain-free.

If your heartburn is already too much to deal with, then it’s probably time to turn to medications to help alleviate the pain or even completely decrease its occurrence. Some of these medications include H2-receptor antagonists, also known as H2 blockers, Antacids, Alginates, and Proton-pump inhibitors. Most of these work by lowering the acid amount in the body, although Alginates work by creating a protective barrier in the stomach, preventing the acid reflux from getting back to the esophagus, giving a more long-lasting solution.

Not everyone feels very comfortable taking medication or pills to combat a smaller problem. If you fit into this category, there are plenty of natural remedies that you can turn to as potential solutions for how to get rid of heartburn. These include sucking on a peppermint candy, fennel leaves, ginger, raw almonds, raw celery, marshmallow root tea, 1-2 spoonfuls of mustard, a few bites of yogurt, 1/2 cup of water with 1 tsp of lemon juice added, baking soda and water, and many more. Certainly, the best way to know which one of these natural remedies is right for you is simply to research them and try them out for yourself. If you are still suffering from heartburn or acid reflux after trying these methods, consult your doctor.

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